IFCO SENDS GREETINGS on Universal Children's Day - 20 November
20 November is celebrated in many counties as Universal Children's Day - the international day for children. The United Nations General Assembly recommended in 1954 (resolution 836 (IX)) that all countries institute a Universal Children's Day, to be observed as a day of understanding between children and of activity promoting the welfare of the world's children. The date of 20 November marks the day on which the Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, in 1959, and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, in 1989.
Plus "The Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children" were formally endorsed by the UN General Assembly on 20 November 2009. The Guidelines enhance the implementation of the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child 1989 and focuses on two main aspects: # 1.Ensure that children do not find themselves in alternative care unnecessarily; and # 2.That where out-of-home care is provided, it is delivered under appropriate conditions responding to the child's rights and best interests. http://www.iss-ssi.org/2009/index.php?id=25 < several languages + lots of useful links.
Despite this worldwide consensus on the importance of our children, 70% of the approximately 11 million child deaths every year are attributable to six potentially preventable causes: diarrhoea, malaria, neonatal infection, pneumonia, preterm delivery, or lack of oxygen at birth. These deaths occur mainly in the developing world. An Ethiopian child is 30 times more likely to die by his or her fifth birthday than a child in Western Europe. Among deaths of children, South-central Asia has the highest number of newborn deaths, while sub-Saharan Africa has the highest rates.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic is taking a huge toll on children, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The number of children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS is projected to reach 25 million by the end of the decade, 18 million of them in sub-Saharan Africa. This, along with only modest progress fighting malaria, means the threats facing child survival are as grave as ever.
Sources: UN Dag Hammarskjöld Library, UNICEF
+ Human Rights Education Association > http://www.hrea.org/index.php?doc_id=919 > also available in: German, Spanish, French & Italian. >>> See the HREA's related e-learning courses.
Not on 20 November in your country? On what date? > http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Children%27s_Day